Among other things, he was also the god of the night sky and the direction north. For a discussion of the many interpretations of the meaning of the name Tezcatlipoca see Olivier (2003) pp. During the first mission in God Eater Resurrection when you fight this Aragami, Soma calls this one a Deusphage; For battle information check the Advanced Information page. Together with his eternal opposite Quetzalcoatl, he created the world. 1 Overview 2 Appearance 3 Personality 4 Powers and Abilities 5 History 6 Myths and Legends 7 Quotes 8 Gallery 9 Trivia Often considered as the supreme god he took on a bewildering … A creator god, Tezcatlipoca ruled over Ocelotonatiuh (“Jaguar-Sun”), the first of the four worlds that were created and destroyed before the present universe. Tezcatlipoca is a character in Onyx Equinox. Each temple had a statue of the god for which copal incense was burned four times a day. He was known as Black Tezcatlipoca or the “mirror that smokes”, god of the day and of Texcoco. He was represented by the Ursa Major (Great Bear) constellation, which the Aztec saw as a jaguar. Tezcatlipoca (/tɛskɑːtliˈpoʊkə/; Classical Nahuatl: Tezcatlipōca pronounced [teskatɬiˈpoːka]) was a central deity in Aztec religion, and his main festival was the Toxcatl ceremony celebrated in the month of May. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. The priests of Tezcatlipoca often wore the ornaments of the god and wore specific garments for different rituals. Tezcatlipoca is a divine sorcerer. Tezcatlipoca (pronounced: teskatɬiˈpoːka) was a central deity in Aztec religion, one of the four sons of Ometeotl, he is associated with a wide range of concepts including the night sky, the night winds, hurricanes, the north, the earth, obsidian, enmity, discord, rulership, divination, temptation, jaguars, sorcery, beauty, war and strife. This god has different aspects: as Tezcatlipoca Telpochtli, he stands for eternal youth; as Tezcatlipoca Yaotl (“Enemy”) he is the patron of the warrior. [29] Chalchihuitlicue the Water Goddess then became the sun. He is sealed inside his temple in the jungles of Mexico. Tezcatlipoca is one of the Aztec gods with Quetzalcoatl governing the cycle of Creation.. The name was used because of the shiny black mirrors often used by Aztec priests. In addition, he was known by several other names with meanings like Sower of Discord, Night, Wind, and He by whom we live. The four Tezcatlipocas were the sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, lady and lord of the duality, and were the creators of all the other gods, as well as the world and all humanity. [26] "For one year he lived a life of honor," the handsome young man "worshipped literally as the embodiment of the deity". Festival of Tezcatlipoca; the god's chosen impersonator offers himself for sacrifice at the temple. [17] They would also cover the sick and newly appointed king in a similar manner with a black ointment to encourage an association with the god. The temple of Tezcatlipoca was in the Great Precinct of Tenochtitlan. His name, meaning Lord of the Smoking Mirror, refers to the mirrors made of obsidian, a shiny black stone that Aztec priests used in divination, or attempts to predict the future. He is said to have cooperated with Quetzalcoatl to create the world from the body of the monster Cipactli, losing his foot in the process. [9] Although there are striking similarities between possible earlier imagery of Tezcatlipoca, archaeologists are split in the debate. [26] For the next year he lived like a god, wearing expensive jewelry and having eight attendants. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. Tezcatlipoca (pron. He never offered human victims, only snakes, birds, and butterflies. The Main temple of Tezcatlipoca in Tenochtitlan was located south of the Great Temple. It is possible that he is either the same god that the Olmec and Maya reference with their "jaguar deity" or that Tezcatlipoca is a latter, more expanded version of the foundations the Olmec and Maya set, as the Aztecs often took inspiration from earlier cultures. In this process, Tezcatlipoca lost his foot when he used it as bait for the Earth Monster Cipactli. Tezcatlipoca was one of the most important gods of the Aztecs of central Mexico. A protean wizard, Tezcatlipoca caused the death of many Toltecs by his black magic and induced the virtuous Quetzalcóatl to sin, drunkenness, and carnal love, thus putting an end to the Toltec golden age. He was labeled the god of the nocturnal sky, temptation, sorcery, and war. He was a god of night, hurricanes, leadership, sacrifices, jaguars, conflict, beauty, and the earth. Tezcatlipoca was generally represented with a stripe of black paint across his face and an obsidian mirror in place of one of his feet. 1 Biography 1.1 Nature 2 Speculation 3 References According to the Great Stone, Tezcatlipoca had lived in the valley of Mexico even before the Aztecs under the guidance of Huitzilopochtli had arrived. These children would then have their skin painted black and be adorned with quail feathers in the image of the god. We've got two pieces of the calendar - one from that evil Viracocha and the other one from my treacherous wife Ixchel. Ver más ideas sobre tezcatlipoca, aztecas, dioses aztecas. "[28] He would then be wed to four young women, also chosen in advance and isolated for a full year and treated as goddesses. He was the god of material things and of night, and was also associated with winds, the earth, magic and war. Tezcatlipoca is regarded by the Aztecs as the god of the night, king of witches and the patron god of Aztec kings and young warriors. He presided over the telpochcalli (“young men’s houses”), district schools in which the sons of the common people received an elementary education and military training. [27] The young man also was dressed in the likeness of the god and people on the streets would worship him as such when encountered. For an in depth description and interpretation of the Toxcatl festival see Olivier (2003) Chapter 6. He is often shown with his right foot replaced with an obsidian mirror, bone, or a snake—an allusion to the creation myth in which he loses his foot battling with the Earth Monster. Perhaps thou mistaketh me for another; perhaps thou seekest another in my stead[21], For kings, lords, priests, and citizens alike, the cyclical nature they observed every day and every year was portrayed not through science or philosophical debate, but utter reverence and respect for the spiritual beings they believed were the cause of these events. He personifies the harmful and destructive forces of nature, and is also the patron of sinful pleasures and arcane magic. He is the old arch-rival of Top God Quetzalcoatl and spent most of his time during the Creation of the Universe bashing, crashing and smashing his enemy’s work instead of doing anything constructive.. Tezcatlipoca overthrew Quetzalcoatl who overthrew him in return. [22] Sacred hymns were also chanted at ceremonies to honor the gods. But she was crushed by Tezcatlipoca's words who accused her of just pretending to be kind. Feb 19, 2018 - Explore Diego Alvarez's board "Tezcatlipoca", followed by 103 people on Pinterest. Those people who survived the deluge were turned into fish.[29]. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In it he saw everything; invisible and omnipresent, he knew all the deeds and thoughts of humans. [18] When the ritual called for it, priests would also dress up as Tezcatlipoca himself and accompany other similarly outfitted gods or goddesses. Similarities exist with the patron deity of the K'iche' Maya as described in the Popol Vuh. [27] During the last 20 days before being sacrificed, the ixiptla had their appearance transformed back to that of a warrior. In later myths, the four gods who created the world, Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl, Huitzilopochtli and Xipe Totec were referred to respectively as the Black, the White, the Blue and the Red Tezcatlipoca. TEZCATLIPOCA ("the smoking mirror") was one of the four Aztec creator gods who arranged the universe and set the cosmic ages in motion through periodic celestial battles. Tezcatlipoca, (Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror”) god of the Great Bear constellation and of the night sky, one of the major deities of the Aztec pantheon. She cried for many years and the world was destroyed by the resulting floods. He was sometimes known as owner of the sky and the Earth, and Lord of the Smoking Mirror. Britannica now has a site just for parents! It was gods like Tezcatlipoca that solidified this notion, representing both the silent wind, and thunderous war. [7], When depicted he was usually drawn with a black and a yellow stripe painted across his face. Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca both collaborated in the different creations and that both were seen as instrumental in the creation of life. He was involved in the earth’s creation, commanded jaguars, oversaw sacrifices, and presided over the night sky. He is sometimes the adversary of the god … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Every year at that time the priest selected a young and handsome war prisoner. One of the four sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, he is associated with a wide range of concepts, including the night sky, the night winds, hurricanes, the north, the earth, obsidian, enmity, discord, rulership, divination, temptation, jaguars, sorcery, beauty, war, and strife. "Sacrificial victims mounted the bloody steps of the pyramid with dignity and pride. Tezcatlipoca's nagual, his animal counterpart, was the jaguar and his jaguar aspect was the deity Tepeyollotl ("Mountainheart"). In the Aztec ritual calendar the Tonalpohualli Tezcatlipoca ruled the trecena 1 Ocelotl ("1 Jaguar")—he was also patron of the days with the name Acatl ("reed").[8]. [21] The new king would claim his spiritual nakedness symbolically through words and physical vulnerability, praising Tezcatlipoca with lines such as: O master, O our lord, O lord of the near, of the nigh, O night, O wind...Poor am I. Karl Taube and Mary Miller, specialists in Mesoamerican Studies, write that, "More than anything Tezcatlipoca appears to be the embodiment of change through conflict. [4][5], He had many epithets which alluded to different aspects of his deity: Titlacauan /ˌtɪtləˈkaʊən/ ("We Are His Slaves"), Ipalnemoani ("He by Whom We Live"), Necoc Yaotl ("Enemy of Both Sides"), Tloque Nahuaque ("Lord of the Near and the Nigh") and Yohualli Èhecatl ("Night, Wind"), Ome Acatl[6] ("Two Reed"), Ilhuicahua Tlalticpaque ("Possessor of the Sky and Earth"). Tezcatlipoca (pron. Tez-ca-tli-po-ca) Nahuatl: “Smoking Mirror” god of the constellation of the Great Bear and the night sky, one of the main deities of the Aztec pantheon. As with many Aztec gods, he was associated with several aspects of Aztec religion, the sky, and the earth, winds and the north, kingship, divination, and war. Wonder Woman. 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